Author Archives: A

Utrecht Early Music Festival: Attaignant Consort

Concert at the TivoliVredenburg with the Attaignant Consort  

Utrecht Early Music Festival


Cantus: Kate Clark
Altus: Amanda Markwick
Tenor: Joao Santos
Bassus: Giuditta Isoldi
Lute: Christoph Sommer

Normaal € 22,00 | Vriend € 19,00 | Student / CJP € 10,00

Time: 11:00am.
Box office: +31(0)30 23 29 010
Venue phone: +31(0)30 23 29 000
Address: Vredenburgkade 11



(more information coming soon!)




Für Anfänger eignet sich eine Sopranblockflöte aus Kunststoff oder aus Holz. Diese kostet zwischen 10 und 30 Euro. Wenn möglich bitte ein Instrument mit barocker Griffweise verwenden.


Die Instrumente der Anbieter Yamaha, Jupiter und Azumi sind besonders angesehen und zu empfehlen. Diesbezüglich berate ich Sie gerne.

Eine neue Querflöte für Anfänger kostet zwischen 600 und 700 Euro. Sie können auch ein Instrument für ca. 25 Euro im Monat mieten. Nähere Informationen hierzu finden Sie innerhalb der Kategorie “Mietkaufsystem” unter


Bevor Sie sich für den Kauf einer Traversflöte entscheiden, sollten Sie sich sicher sein, welche Musik (und mit wem) Sie spielen möchten. Diesbezüglich berate ich Sie gerne in einem persönlichen Gespräch.


[email protected]


Bibliography for IWA Presentation

Bibliography for the presentation at the Irish World Academy, Limerick


Primary Sources:

  • Corette, Michel.  Méthode pour apprendre aisément à jouer de la flûte traversière. Paris, 1735.
  • Bach, Carl Philipp Emanuel.  Versuch über die wahre Art das Clavier zu spielen, Berlin, 1753. English translation by Edward Mitchell as Essay on the True art of Playing Keyboard Instruments. W. W. Norton & Company: 1948.
  • Geminiani, Francesco. A Treatise of Good Taste in the Art of Musick. London,1749
  • Hotteterre le Romain, Jacques-Martin.  L’Art de préluder sur la flûte traversière. Paris,1719.
  • Quantz, Johann Joachim.  Versuch einer Anweisung die Flöte traversiere zu spielen, Berlin, 1752. Second edition, English translation by Edward R. Reilly as On Playing the Flute. Northeastern University Press, 1985.

Secondary Sources:

  • Bartel, Dietrich. Musica Poetica: Musical-Rhetorical Figures in German Baroque Music. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 1997.
  • Brown, Rachel. The Early Flute: A Practical Guide. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2002.
  • Haynes, Bruce.  The End of Early Music. New York: Oxford University Press, 2007.
  • Little, Meredith, and Natalie Jenne.  Dance and the Music of J.S. Bach.  Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1998.
  • Mather, Betty Bang.  Dance Rhythms of the French Baroque. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1987.
  • Powell, Arnold.  The Flute. New Haven: Yale University Press, 2002.






Baroque Flute Berlin

Whether you are playing the flute just as a hobby, or you have auditions and exams coming up, playing your instrument should be fun! I like to keep lessons lighthearted and creative. Students will certainly enjoy themselves, yet they are also expected to do their part by practicing between lessons – good practicing leads to more solid technique, which leads to more musical possibilities, which of course leads to much more fun!



  • Each lesson is 60  minutes.  Shorter times may be suggested for younger students.
  • Lessons can be weekly or twice a month. (For complete beginners, I advise weekly lessons for a minimum of 6 months, so that we can develop solid technique and practicing foundations.)
  • Lessons generally take place in my studio, but we can also discuss lessons at your home.


Lessons are tailor-made, so the following information about materials  is just to be used as a guide.  Feel free to contact me before you make any purchases, or if you have any questions about instruments and music you already own.



Students are expected to buy or rent their own instruments. I am more than happy to advise on models and makers if you like.  To get you started thinking:


Modern Flute

Jupiter and Yamaha make respected modern flutes, and they are readily available at many music stores.  We can discuss model numbers based on your level and experience.


Here is a post I’ve written about this very topic.  Choosing a traverso always depends on what you are interested in doing with it. Have a look at the instruments by the makers listed on my links page and read their descriptions of the instruments and music they were written for. If you are just beginning and looking for an all-around Baroque flute for music no later than Bach, I’d recommend an instrument in A=415, copied from an original of 1740 or before.


We can certainly discuss your interests and wishes before you buy anything!


Books and Methods

Books and methods will depend on the age and level of the student. I will generally recommend two or three books to get started, and then we can choose more music based on your personal interests.  Below is an idea of what books I like to use, but let’s definitely discuss your personal situation before you make any purchases.


Recommended for Modern Flute

° A flute fingering and trill fingering chart, available online or at music stores

° Practice Books for the Flute by Tevor Wye (especially Volume 1: Tone)

° 17 Grands Exercices Journaliers de Mécanisme pour Flute, by Paul Taffanel and Philippe Gaubert

Recommended for Traverso

° See my post for Beginner Traverso Players

° Method for the One-Keyed Flute, by Janice Dockendorff Boland

° 15 Easy Baroque Pieces for Flute and Keyboard / The True Art of Baroque Flute, for Flute and Keyboard. Frans Vester, ed. Universal Edition, UE 17669 (especially for traverso beginners)



Sound interesting? Please contact me for more details about lessons!

[email protected]


Advice for Traverso Beginners

I have received several emails over the years from flutists wanting some practical advice for beginning the traverso. I would like to share a bit of information that I have been compiling along the way.


When you are deciding which traverso to buy, you should first consider what music you are most interested in playing with it.  For an all-around Baroque flute for music composed before about 1750, including music by composers like Telemann, Bach, and Handel, I recommend trying copies of an original, pre-1750 German, English, Belgian, or Dutch instrument. Try the copies of instruments by Quantz, Oberlender, Stanesby, IH Rottenburgh, and Beukers. If music by Blavet or Couperin is part of your list as well, you might also consider the beautiful 4-part French flute by Naust, which has recently appeared on the early flute scene and is being enthusiastically copied by many makers. (I generally advise against a Denner for traverso beginners. Though they are lovely once you get to know them, Denners can be quite moody instruments and need a lot of patience and dedication.)

If your goal is to play mainly Mozart, Haydn, and CPE Bach, an early, one-keyed classical flute will be your best choice. Flutes by GA Rottenburgh and A Grenser (with a round or oval embouchure) have long been copied and are loved for their bright but nuanced palette, but you should also try a copy of a Tortochot, which has been getting a lot of praise by many of today’s makers and musicians. Sometimes modern flutists switching to early flute enjoy playing a Palanca copy, and indeed many early flutists play Palanca copies as well, often largely because they tend to have a bigger sound. I have yet to hear of a professional early flutist who felt that a Palanca had all the colors and nuances that he or she finds in the other Classical flutes, so it is certainly worth giving the other copies try as well.

Early 18th-century French repertoire from composers like Hotteterre and de la Barre naturally sounds best on 3-part, early French flutes, which are today generally copied in a lower pitch (A=392-398). If you have the extra money, I would definitely recommend getting a 3-part French flute in addition to a Baroque or Classical flute. Flutes in A=392 feel very luxurious and are absolutely wonderful to play, with their rich, chocolaty feeling and sound. This is a truly lovely pitch to play, but you must first be absolutely sure that your colleagues will be willing to tune their instruments down. A 3-part Naust and the long-respected Hotteterre flute are superb choices.

Performers, conservatory students, and makers are experimenting with flutes much more now than in the past decades, and to great results, so check out all the previously-mentioned flutes by the makers on my “Links” page. These makers describe their instruments on their own sites, and you will certainly discover some really beautiful instruments that deserve to be played more.



Pitch is the next consideration for your traverso purchase. Extant original instruments play in a whole variety of pitches, as there was no pitch standard across Europe at that time. In fact, many original flutes often have extra middle joints that would have allowed players to change pitch a few cents either direction, but makers today have adjusted their instruments to some standardized pitches set by the early music scene in the 20th century. You will generally find A=392 for French Baroque music, A=415 for all other Baroque music, and A=430 for Classical music.

As you pick your traverso, take time to think about with whom you will be playing. If you are going to any early music camps or festivals, or if you just want to experiment playing Baroque music with some of your colleagues, I would first recommend an instrument in A=415. This is especially nice to your string-player friends, who will be more likely to tune their instruments to A=415 than to A=392.  If you are lucky enough to know a harpsichordist, you should consider that harpsichords are almost always tuned in A=415 these days. They sometimes have options for transposing to A=440 or A=392, but not both. If you are planning to stick with Classical music and do not plan to need a harpsichord, A=430 is a nice pitch, also for your string-player friends. Fortepianos for Classical repertoire are often made today at A=430. And of course, if you will be using your early flute with musicians who cannot or do not want to tune down, many makers are happy to build flutes at A=440.

What I would probably avoid are flutes with two (or more) middle joints, for example in A=392 and 415, or A=415 and 440, a sort of 2-in-1 combo. It can be done, and it often is, but you can really feel that the instrument feels more comfortable in one pitch over another. Obviously you need to be practical with your purchase, but I have found it most fulfilling to have my flutes at one pitch each. Anyway, if you need another pitch, is it not more fun to have a different flute altogether?


Where to Purchase a Traverso

At Festivals:

  • Utrecht Oude Muziek Festival  – This yearly festival in Utrecht, the Netherlands, has a 3-day instrument exhibition at the end of August / beginning of September. There are regularly four or more traverso makers presenting their instruments.
  • Berliner Tage für Alte Musik  – This yearly festival in Berlin, Germany, in October, has an instrument market as well. There are regularly two or more traverso makers presenting their instruments.
  • National Flute Association – This yearly flute convention in the USA takes place in August. There are regularly two or more traverso makers presenting their instruments.

From Makers:


From Stores:

  • Lazar’s Early Music in the US sells flutes by Martin Wenner, and second hand flutes by many makers
  • The Early Music Shop in London sells flutes, including second hand flutes, by Martin Wenner, Alain Weemaels, and von Huene, among others


Books and Methods about Historical Flutes, Suitable for Beginners

Boland, Janice Dockendorff. Method for the One-Keyed Flute. Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press. 1998.

  • This method is a handy book that contains a bit of everything, yet focuses more on the practical side of actually playing the traverso. It offers comparative fingering guides and easy repertoire excerpts for traverso beginners.

Brown, Rachel. The Early Flute: A Practical Guide. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2002.

  • This guide is wonderful for all of its basic information about the traverso, from instrument care to historical articulation. I find it particularly useful for the frequent comparison of historical flute methods and how you can apply that information to the music, shown very directly in the ‘case studies.’

Janssens, Doretthe. New Method for the Traverso. 2012.

  • Using texts by Johann Mattheson and the affects of the various keys is a great starting point, for Mattheson’s ideas are so helpful to our understanding of Baroque music in general. Combine that with traverso-relevant information, and I think this new book will be very popular for beginners.  Also published in Dutch and German.

Powell, Ardal.  The Flute (Yale Musical Instrument Series). New Haven and London: Yale University Press, 2002.

  • This is an extensively researched reference book about the flute and its history. It is invaluable for the beginner who plans to stick with the traverso.

Quantz, Johann Joachim.  Versuch einer Anweisung die Flöte traversiere zu spielen, Berlin, 1752. Second edition, English translation by Edward R. Reilly as On Playing the Flute. Boston: Northeastern University Press, 2001.

  • Quantz is the historical flutist’s Bible. It contains practical (and sometimes comical) advice on all things relating to the flute, including fingerings, improvising cadenzas, composing, articulation, ornamentation, and stage settings.

Solum, John.  The Early Flute (Oxford Early Music Series). Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1995.

  • This general book has a great overview of early flute history, care, maintenance, music, and musicians.


Online Resources

  • The Earlyflute Yahoo Group has many discussions about instruments and instrument making, but also about other issues related to early flutes. Irish flutes show up often in the discussions, and occasionally advertisements for instruments, festivals, and concerts.
  • has excellent timelines and lists to help you pinpoint where, by whom, and for which music your flute would have been played.
  • Flute makers’ websites generally offer tons of information about their flutes, general flute history, and fingering charts.


Renaissance Flutes and Music

When I started playing Renaissance flute, I enjoyed playing Jacob van Eyck’s ‘Der Fluyten Lusthof’, which has simple melodies for solo flute or recorder that are then set in increasingly more complex diminutions.  You can then challenge yourself by transposing up a 4th or 5th.

Also try the ‘Trattado de Glosas’ by Diego Ortiz.  Some pieces in do not work well for flute, but others do.  The madrigal and chanson melodies he uses are the most popular tunes from the Renaissance, and you will find many versions of these melodies the more music you play from that time.

You can also take any 4 part chanson and play any of the voices – you might have to do a bit of transposing.  Keep in mind that the ‘melody’ on which 4-part chansons are based is often in the tenor part in Renaissance music. But that shouldn’t stop you from playing the cantus or altus voice as well.

I only know the Ortiz in facsimile, but it might be in modern editions as well by now.  You can get the Van Eyck in modern notation.  But challenging yourself with old notation is very fun and it brings so much extra to the music!  In case you aren’t always up to the challenge, check the London Pro Musica and Ut Orpheus editions.

There are very few people in the world playing Renaissance flutes, but it is an area that will grow, I hope.  My all-time favorite performer is Kate Clark (I am biased, of course, because I studied with her, but even if I had not, I would still pick her.) Order their cd–you won’t be disappointed!

Interview with composer Rob Manthey

Exceptional Music for an Unusual Combination

Il Sussurro (Amanda Markwick, traverso, and Gerard van Vuuren, clavichord) recently performed a new work by composer Rob Manthey. Written in the fall of 2010 specifically for this ensemble, “music go peach for at rush to” mixes the sounds of the traverso and clavichord with those of the computer.

Here are a few questions we asked the composer:

  • Why did you write for this combination of instruments?

I wrote for this combination of instruments for 2 reasons. You and Gerard are my friends so that started it really. But then also hearing the instruments themselves in various settings, museum concerts, house concerts, got me very interested because these older instruments have tone and color qualities that the modern instruments do not. That’s a very fascinating idea for a composer.

  • What inspired you for the piece, especially the computer part?

Concerning the computer part, perhaps a description of what exactly the computer part does is first necessary. It is basically a musical instrument written in software. The sounds it makes fall into the category of sound known as noise. There are a series of shapes, and then each shape is further filtered or raise or lowered to create a larger series of possible sounds.

The following question to be addressed would be “how does this instrument fit in with the other two, which are older and much different?” My answer has to do with my impression of Baroque ornamentation, but also Baroque architectural details. I view the sounds that the software instrument makes as a sort of decoration that for my ears refers back to earlier ideas of detail and decoration.

  • Could you tell us about the title – “music go peach for at rush to”?

The title I have made in the same way I made the music: by taking familiar materials and searching for a new way to use them for interesting results.

“music go peach for at rush to” was premiered at the Museum Geelvinck on February 6, 2011. Musicians, composer, and audience members were all enthusiastic about the result, and Il Sussurro now plans to incorporate more modern pieces in their programming.

For more information about Rob Manthey, and for a sound sample of “music go peach for at rush to”, please visit his website.

Interview with recording engineer Kendra Borgen

Kendra Borgen is a recording engineer based in Den Haag, the Netherlands.  Originally from Alaska, she studied classical saxophone (and some jazz) at the University of Oregon (USA). During her studies, she also worked as a student assistant Sound Engineer, which is when she became interested in audio engineering. She spent a few summers at the Aspen music festival and school in Colorado (USA), first as a student and later as an engineer. After her Bachelor’s degree, she decided to pursue further studies and a profession in audio engineering, moving to The Netherlands in 2004.

This is an interview I conducted with Kendra in 2009, right after she recorded a CD for my ensemble Il Sussurro.

Much has been made about how clean and perfect CDs can be, as opposed to live recordings. In your experience, what is the reality of what can be done during a professional recording?

Just about absolutely everything is possible. It’s known that Yo-Yo Ma makes easily between 300-500 edits per CD, and even the famous ‘live’ performance at Carnegie Hall of Glenn Gould was edited (although only very, very slightly). Technology gives us the possibility to smoothly edit multiple takes together. And recent advances in computers allow us to sample acoustics of spaces — i.e. churches, concert halls, performance areas  — giving us the flexibility to place a recording into another space (of course also given microphone techniques and abilities). Some people make edits because they have to  (mistakes, etc.) while others (like Yo-Yo Ma) make edits to choose between the better of two amazing takes. Of the other side, mistakes, I can recall 2 specific instances of creating something out of nothing. The first was a classical sonata filled with 16th note runs, and for 8 of the notes we took a different take…that edit took some time to get the flow and musicality correct. This was done over 8 years ago and if I listen today I can’t even remember where we did it! The second instance was a CD that was recorded in one day.  However, by the end of that day, one of the musicians’ chops were blown and he was unable to hit a very high note at the end of a very difficult passage of music. In the three takes we had, first he hit the note but then it broke, in the second he squeaked at the beginning of the note but the end was fine, and finally the third take had a great middle section. I literally edited all three parts together to create this one note. Of course there is a sound that occurs – a beat frequency because of the slight intonation differences – but it can be excused as a not-perfectly-executed note. The end result was far better then any of the takes.  These two instances stand out in my 11 years of work as two very special moments of technology.

What are your goals for a recording session?

I don’t know if I have goals, but there is something I always consider a good sign. Once the equipment is set up I ask the musicians to come in and listen to the sound check. If they begin to speak about their playing (versus the sound of the recording), then I know I’ve done my job right. It’s natural that small adjustments are made through the sound check process, but it’s nice when the years of experience get it right straight out of the gate.

How do you deal with fragile musician egos when you are recording?

Frankly, I don’t. I’ve lost some work in the past due to my inability to deal with others’ egos, sadly. However, I think I also get a lot of repeat work because people enjoy my candid communication technique. Since I am a saxophonist, perhaps I have a better insight to what musicians’ thoughts or needs are on the other side of the microphone. I know what they commonly think or need, and I try to anticipate any problems. Some of my colleagues could stand to be a bit more understanding of musicians’ points of views, which I think I do excel at.  At the end of the day, I sometimes feel like a parent, always balancing tough love with well-timed encouragement.

How do you approach preparing for a recording session?

In an ideal world I’ll only record music I love and am interested in. I do that because then I think I have a better understanding of what the music should sound like. Still, I always ask the musicians to give me a reference to what they think it should sound like. Usually I’ll ask for recording that they think sounds good and even perhaps a recording that might not sound good but could be influential to them musically. Like in theater you have ‘method actors’ – perhaps I’m a ‘method engineer.’

What are some common misconceptions with what you do as a recording engineer?

There are a lot. I’m a trained recording engineer. Which means I don’t have a clue about live sound reinforcement. That does stop other people from doing it badly, but to me it does. I can and have done live sound, but I feel very much like a fish out of water. You could liken it to any classically trained musician – if they can read a really amazing piece of music it does not mean they could naturally improvise an equally impressive piece on the spot. Sure, if high enough quality, they’ll give an adequate performance, but they won’t feel good about it. I’m the same way. I will record genres I don’t like or know, or I will do live sound, and I’ve often got good feedback, but I’m very nervous the entire time!

When you are in a recording session, what are the things you are listening for?

Depending on the role I’m hired to do, I’ll listen for different things. I often ask for scores both to give me something to focus on and to give me the ability to comment on blatant mistakes. In the past, recording sessions had a recording engineer and a producer. Generally the producer’s job was to find and fix mistakes. In this age of low-budget recording, the sound engineer is often asked to work as producer, even if not formally. I’m always asked my opinion on how the music was played or if the musicians have ‘enough material’ to edit. Sadly I cannot ever be 100% about all aspects — tempo, intonation, musicality, mistakes and if there are fixes — but I can give some feedback.  Beyond the music I’m listening for variation in sound quality. It might be background noise, or some other unnatural sound. It’s also important to maintain a standard distance from the microphone on each take. If between takes a musician moves and stands nearer or farther away from the microphone, then the sound quality can change drastically. I’m always on guard to hear if there is a large variation and then stop and fix the problem when needed.

What is listening to a live concert like for you?  And a CD?

As you can image, listening to live concerts can be very difficult for many reasons. In classical settings I simply find myself getting very anxious to stay still for so long. Roughly, I’ve recorded over 1400 live concerts, exams, recitals, etc… in the last 11 years.  Usually I get to see a great video feed or at least a comfy chair and perhaps a snack. Sitting in a concert hall, hands folded, is very difficult for me. If you speak of anything that is amplified, I’m usually in serious agony. Most sound reinforcement engineers just miss the mark all day long.  Maybe I’m getting old- no that’s not it because I never liked it – but I subscribe to the Les Moore school of sound amplification. In other words, if you amplify the sound less, and work from the natural balance of the musicians and the hall you are working in, then the sound will be more in balance. CDs are interesting. I almost always first analyze the sound of the recording before the performance or music. I suppose we call this a hazard of the job.

In recording quieter instruments–such as our disc for Il Sussurro–what are the special challenges?

Nothing really…. Depending on the musician’s flexibility, sound concept, and trust in my experience, then we usually can get to a sound that we all are happy with. In your recording, you learned that in order to really get the ‘balance’ correct we had to move the two of you into non-traditional performance positions. This is very common. Some musicians can be uncomfortable with this because it’s unusual to them, which is understandable. It can be difficult to convince less experienced musicians that this is the solution for getting as natural a sound as possible. For others, I’m forced to place a microphone closer than what is natural.  I’m not usually pleased with this result, but it’s been done by many a sound engineer.  Perhaps in these instances, working with the ‘fragile ego’ the most demanding.

Talk about artistry versus craft as a recording engineer. Are you looking for your own voice, or is it something different?

I’m certainly looking for my own voice. I have my own vision about what music and recordings should sound like. I’m certainly influenced by recording of my past: 70s/80s Deutche Grammaphone, or London Decca. In the case of jazz, anything Rudy Van Gelder did. There are some brilliant engineers who have come before, but I’d love to take their sounds and grow from there.

Are there any record labels that get it right all the time? Or most of the time?

YES! Aside from the aforementioned labels, I can say today one record label stands out to me all of the time. That is the great work of Stefan Winter and is record label ‘Winter & Winter.’ Stefan has produced some of the best music I’ve ever heard. And, important to me, he is not pigeon-holed into a single genre. I’ve heard the best jazz, classical, contemporary, electronic, and world music on this single label. On top of that he has a cover design that stands out from all the rest. He works with modern artists to collaborate with design. To me, Winter & Winter looks at the entire process from a creative point of view. If creativity is the bottom line then quality will prevail! There are times I walk into a record shop just to browse and see a cover that is clearly ‘Winter & Winter’, and I will buy that album without knowing anything of the artist. To this date, I’ve never been disappointed in my purchases!

What inspires you creatively?

Passion! I want to work with people who want to make music because they need to! Because they love this work and profession so much it’s the only thing they can be doing. In my ideal and completely unreasonable perfect world, I’d be working with people who are striving daily to create something new. Even if it’s music that’s been played for 400 years, why do you have to play it as if you have been playing for 400 years straight? I think any person who approaches music (or for that matter anything) with intensity and passion is infectious. I love being around people who are engaged and dedicated and hope that I can continue to meet and work with these people in the future!

How do you keep up-to-date on equipment? Any favorite websites or magazines?

It’s difficult. Technology is changing and the needs of the individual are changing. There are a million ways to stay up-to-date. Magazines are good sources of getting the professional point-of-view of new products, but blogs or help forums give me insight to what the ‘real’ person is dealing with. Also, I have a few good engineering friends, and it’s natural to talk shop when we’re together. Furthermore, I seem to find a lot of audiophiles in my life, and they will shower me with questions or give me info they’ve discovered, in order to show what they know about audio equipment. It all helps. Staying in-the-loop can be difficult, but the internet is a vast source of information at one’s fingertips.

You’ve lived and worked in both the US and Europe. Are there any distinctions to recording approaches?

Not really. But the focus can be different in the genre field. I can make a living from recording what I consider good music: classical, jazz, world. But the US is very focused on pop or rap music. On both continents when people ask what I do, I get different responses. In the US, most people assume I record pop music, and when I mention jazz they draw a blank face. In Europe, when people find out I do jazz they get excited. It’s sad really. In the US there is a huge cultural divide in music. People either listen to jazz or classical and they behave a certain way, or they listen to pop or rap and behave another. Not so much blending. But I had a teacher in Holland who was 77, and he loves, LOVES, wind music and especially brass band. One day I walked in and he was blasting the latest Madonna album. I asked him what that was about, and he said ‘Man I just love her, she’s so amazing!’  This really highlighted to me the differences between the two.

What are your future goals? How would you like to develop as an engineer? Or as a business?

I have some very clear goals of what I want to do in recordings. I ‘run’ a record label but to me it’s not the bottom line. I want to make Audio Engineering an art form. I’m an artist not a technician. Technology is changing, and fast, and I think the future of how we listen to music is changing. I want to be part of that. I have my own idea I’d like to develop, and it might take me the next ten years, but I hope I succeed. I think it could be embraced by the listening community at large and perhaps even inspire future engineers to stop be so technically minded and start to explore the creative side of engineering. But I’d rather not get into it any deeper at this time.

We hear about a general decline in CD sales. In your opinion, what is the future of recording?  How can musicians use this to their advantage?

These days lots of people make CDs but not everyone sells. I think people are still going to buy music but it might be in different ways. I’m not worried. Radiohead released their album for free and people still paid money for it. I don’t know what the moral of the story is, but I will go back to something I previously mentioned — when you do something from a creative and passionate standpoint, people will get it and support you.

Any interesting upcoming projects?

Currently I’m laying low, trying to work on my own ideas, and I have a lot of them. I’m doing the odd recording here and there, but I’m also just trying to make a living. I’m not quite educated enough to execute what it is I want to be doing so I’m studying a lot and trying to teach myself some things…    We’ll see what the future has in store for me.


You can read more about Kendra and DAR Productions at her website, here.

Tools of the Trade

I interrupt the chronological flow of my flute-building project in order to show you some tools of the trade.  I was going to just pull flashy, high-resolution images off the web until my husband pointed out that I’d be violating copyrights, so here are photos taken by my very low-resolution camera of the actual tools I’m using to create this flute.  And other interesting things you might find in the wood shop.


The wood supply at the workshop in Delft


a lathe, used for turning the wood


a row of gouges and skews, used to shape the wood while it is turning on the lathe


gouges and skews, close up


a row of files used for smoothing out surfaces; can be used by hand or on the lathe


files, close up


sandpaper and drill bits, improvised tools used for undercutting the holes on the flute


calipers, a sliding ruler to measure all sorts diameters and distances